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What is selectie stretching in spinal cord injury patients

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What is Selective Stretching in Spinal Cord Injury Patients?

Selective stretching is a therapeutic technique that can benefit individuals with spinal cord injuries (SCI). This brief review aims to explain the positive aspects and benefits of selective stretching in SCI patients, along with the conditions for which it can be used.

I. Understanding Selective Stretching:

Selective stretching involves targeting specific muscle groups to improve their flexibility and range of motion. It is a form of therapeutic exercise performed under the guidance of healthcare professionals.

Benefits of Selective Stretching in SCI Patients:

  1. Increased Flexibility and Range of Motion:
  • Selective stretching helps improve muscle flexibility, allowing for a wider range of joint movements.
  • It reduces muscle stiffness and tightness commonly experienced by SCI patients, enhancing their overall mobility.
  1. Enhanced Blood Circulation:
  • By promoting blood flow to the targeted muscles, selective stretching aids in the delivery of essential nutrients and oxygen.
  • Improved circulation can contribute to better tissue health and potentially expedite the healing process.
  1. Prevention of Contractures:
  • Contractures, characterized by the permanent shortening of muscles, can occur in SCI patients due to immobility.
  • Selective stretching helps prevent contractures by maintaining or improving muscle length and flexibility.
  1. Improved
A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the bundle of nerves and nerve fibers that sends and receives signals from the brain. The spinal cord extends from the lower part of the brain down through the lower back.

What are the exercise considerations for SCI?

Exercise guidelines specific to persons with SCI recommend progressive training beginning at 20 min of moderate to vigorous intensity aerobic exercise twice per week transitioning to 30 min three times per week, with strength training of the major muscle groups two times per week.

What is SCI in physical therapy?

The Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Special Interest Group (SIG) is a focused component of the Academy of Neurologic Physical Therapy (ANPT). The SCI SIG provides education and resources for physical therapy clinicians, rehabilitation specialists, and patients/clients.

What is SCI function?

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord that causes temporary or permanent changes in its function. Symptoms may include loss of muscle function, sensation, or autonomic function in the parts of the body served by the spinal cord below the level of the injury.

Can you fully recover from SCI?

With proper treatment and therapy, victims may be able to recover some degree of function. However, full recovery after a spinal cord injury is rare. Several factors contribute to the likelihood of recovery from a spinal cord injury. One of the most important is access to medical care, which can be very expensive.

What is meant by selective stretching?

Selective stretching is focused on the overall function of a patient may be improved by applying stretching techniques Specifically to particular muscles and joints but allowing the limitation of motion to develop in other muscles or joints.

Why is stretching important for spinal cord injury?

Stretching. People with SCI should stretch regularly to prevent and treat stiff muscles and joints. A good flexibility program should stretch all major muscle groups. You should focus on your shoulders, hips, knees, and ankles, because these are common areas of tightness after SCI.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the three types of stretching explain each?

There are various stretching techniques, but three main methods have proven effective.
  • STATIC STRETCHING. Static stretching is the most practiced stretching method.
  • DYNAMIC STRETCHING. Dynamic stretching is often recommended in athletic training programs.
  • PNF STRETCHING.

What manual techniques are most effective in patients with spinal cord injury?

Stretching
  • Manual Stretching. Prolonged manual stretch may be applied manually, using the effect of body weight and gravity or mechanically, using machine or splints.
  • Weight Bearing.
  • Splinting.
  • Serial Casting.
  • High Frequency.
  • Low Frequency.
  • Overground Training.
  • Treadmill Training.

How do you regain ability to walk after spinal cord injury?

Early Gait Training A body- weight support device lifts part of your weight through a harness you wear as you try to take some steps. Some of these devices roll on the ground and some are placed over a treadmill. Your therapist, a therapy team, or a robotic device may help with your balance and stepping movements.

FAQ

How do you recover from a complete spinal cord injury?
Is It Possible to Recover After a Complete Spinal Cord Injury?
  1. Epidural Electrical Stimulation. Epidural electrical stimulation involves implanting a stimulator over your spine.
  2. Stem Cell Therapy.
  3. Physical Therapy.
  4. Occupational Therapy.
  5. Psychotherapy.
  6. Caregiver Assistance.
  7. Joining a Support Group.
  8. Exoskeletons.
How long does it take to walk after incomplete spinal cord injury?
However, incomplete spinal cord injury recovery time is not linear, with most survivors experiencing the most significant improvement within the first 18 months; and other individuals may continue to experience incremental improvements years after the initial injury.
Can spinal cord compression cause sleepiness?
People with a neurological injury such as SCI have a high risk of having fatigue and are susceptible to experiencing excessive tiredness when performing extended tasks, and the presence of elevated depressive mood or poor expectations towards self management will increase this susceptibility.

What is selectie stretching in spinal cord injury patients

What are the signs of recovery from spinal cord injury? Understanding the Signs of Recovery from an SCI
  • Reduction in Swelling.
  • Pain Surrounding the Injury Site.
  • Tingling (or “Pins and Needles”) Sensations.
  • Regaining Sensory Input Below the Injury Site.
  • Regaining Muscle Control Below the Injury Site.
  • Recovering from Surgery.
How do you stop a quadriplegic spasm? Treatment for spasticity usually involves a combination of the following options:
  1. Exercises.
  2. Oral medications.
  3. Intrathecal therapy.
  4. Injections.
  5. Neurosurgery and orthopedic surgery procedures.
What is high functioning quadriplegic? According to the International Classification of Diseases-10, functional quadriplegia (FQ) is defined as the "complete immobility due to severe disability or frailty from another medical condition without injury to the brain or spinal cord" [10].
  • How do you know if your spinal cord is being compressed?
    • Symptoms include numbness, pain, and weakness. Depending on the cause of the compression, symptoms may develop suddenly or gradually, and they may require anything from supportive care to emergency surgery.
  • What exercises should you avoid with a spinal injury?
    • Avoid: High-impact activities. High impact exercises, such as jogging and high-impact aerobics, can put pressure on a disc and cause more injury. Also, avoid movements that cause twisting, such as golf, as it can up back pain pressure.
  • What is selective stretching in spinal cord injury patients
    • Another option: Passive stretching​​ If you aren't able to stretch your muscles yourself because of a spinal cord injury, you can do passive stretching. This