The two main types of cardiomegaly affecting the left ventricle are both referred to as cardiomyopathies. It's either a dilated type cardiomyopathy, with or without a reduced left ventricular function, or a hypertrophic type of cardiomyopathy, with or without a reduced left ventricular function.
What is another word for enlarged heart?
An enlarged heart (cardiomegaly) isn't a disease, but rather a sign of another condition. The term "cardiomegaly" refers to an enlarged heart seen on any imaging test, including a chest X-ray.
Is an enlarged heart the same as heart disease?
An enlarged heart isn't a condition in itself, but a symptom of an underlying problem that is causing the heart to work harder than normal. Some of the many causes include coronary heart disease, idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, high blood pressure and heart valve disease.
Is cardiomegaly the enlargement of the heart muscle?
Cardiomegaly or an enlarged heart is when your heart is abnormally thick or overly stretched, becoming larger than usual, with difficulty pumping blood. The condition can be temporary or permanent. However, cardiomegaly is manageable, and most people can continue their normal activities of daily living.
What is cardiomegaly if cardio means heart?
Cardiomegaly means enlargement of the heart. The definition is when the transverse diameter of the cardiac silhouette is greater than or equal to 50% of the transverse diameter of the chest (increased cardiothoracic ratio) on a posterior-anterior projection of a chest radiograph or a computed tomography.
What is a minor cardiac infarction?
In a “mini” heart attack, blood flow to the heart is partially blocked. Symptoms include chest pain and are similar to those of a heart attack, but there is less damage to the heart. The technical term for a “mini” heart attack is a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI).